Venous insufficiency Overview

Chronic venous insufficiency or venous stasis are other phrases for venous insufficiency. In this illness, the patient has discomfort, swelling in the legs and modifications within the color of the pores and skin on the legs through the years. This might also cause foot ulcers. This is a pretty frequent infection. Not most effective that, however there might be a lot of reasons for this, such as a family history of this condition.

Our legs’ veins return blood to the heart. This is accomplished through one-way valves in the legs. These valves do not function correctly if you have Venous Insufficiency. As an end result, some blood might also go back to the legs. As a result, blood accumulates in the veins of the legs. Venous insufficiency happens whilst the valves do no longer seal properly or completely.

Chronic venous insufficiency develops while the veins in the legs get damaged and now not enable blood to flow lower back to the coronary heart.  Valves in the veins of the legs normally guarantee sufficient blood flow back to the heart, but chronic venous insufficiency destroys those valves.

This causes blood to pool and generate a pool of blood in the legs. The persistent illness causes swelling in the foot as well as dark and ugly lesions. Serious neglect of the condition might also result in foot ulcers.

Causes of Chronic Venous Insufficiency


  • Family history of the victim related to this disease.
  • Due to blood clots in the body.
  • Varicose veins.
  • While pregnant.
  • Continuous increase in obesity.
  • Smoking in excessive amounts.
  • Swelling of veins.
  • Due to sitting or standing for a long time.

Issues related to chronic venous insufficiency


Heart related issues

Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when the veins in the legs prevent blood from returning to the heart. As a consequence, in certain veins, a pool of blood formed. This may be a significant source of cardiac troubles. CVI, or chronic venous insufficiency, is caused by damage to the vein valves. This illness makes it difficult for blood to flow normally via the veins. This is a source of cardiac troubles.

Swelling of legs

Chronic venous insufficiency causes excessive swelling of the legs due to blood buildup in the veins. As a end result, the bothered person is unable to do sports including walking, hiking stairs, workout, and a number of other regular duties. Furthermore, if not treated immediately with suitable chronic venous insufficiency treatment guidelines and drugs, leg edema might increase over time.

Symptoms of Chronic Venous Insufficiency


If chronic venous insufficiency isn’t dealt with directly, the signs and symptoms get worse. Pain and swelling within the foot are occasionally observed by using extra problems that make it hard for the stricken person to carry out day-to-day or regular obligations. The following are some symptoms of persistent venous insufficiency:

Tired and aching legs – Tiredness and weariness in the legs are symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. People with permanent occupations who are required to stand for extended periods of time face a worse predicament. As a consequence, the one-way valves in the legs do not work effectively, resulting in leg heaviness and discomfort.

Leg cramps – Chronic venous insufficiency causes the valves in the legs to weaken, allowing blood to build in them. As a result, the patient also gets leg edema and cramping. This might make walking, climbing stairs, and other everyday physical activity difficult for the individual suffering from it.

Discoloration of legs – The color of the legs becomes darkened in cases of chronic venous insufficiency owing to blood buildup in the veins. Blood does not flow adequately to the heart owing to vein weakness, therefore it accumulates in the same spot. As a result, the color of the feet is ruined.

Itchy Skin – Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) Self-care neglect may lead to stasis dermatitis. Inadequate blood flow in the veins of the legs generates stinging and burning sensations in the skin, causing pain in the patient suffering from chronic venous insufficiency.

Lipodermatosclerosis– The fat beneath the skin above the ankle hardens in this disease. As a consequence, the skin around the affected region shrinks.

Treatment Options for Chronic Venous Insufficiency


Chronic venous insufficiency is not a significant problem, but it should be addressed to prevent progressing through the phases of chronic venous insufficiency. The following are some therapy methods for avoiding this disease:

Leg exercise – Leg exercise increases blood flow in the veins of the legs. As a result, therapy recommendations for chronic venous insufficiency include a range of leg exercises. Exercise improves blood flow and keeps the condition from deteriorating.

Medications– Medications tailored to the patient’s situation aid in correcting the condition of chronic venous insufficiency. The drugs are helpful in reducing symptoms of disorders such leg edema, blood clots in the veins, and discoloration by increasing blood flow. The sores on the feet brought on by the disease may also be treated with these drugs. To treat the illness, doctors often give anticoagulants, antibiotics, and medicated bandages.

Compression therapy – This is the basis of CVI therapy to alleviate pain and edema, improve circulation to the leg, and support the nerves in the leg. Special hose, dressings, and bandages are all examples of compression items.

Sclerotherapy– If the severity of chronic venous insufficiency phases worsens, this measure is taken. In this technique, chemicals are injected into nerves that have been destroyed by the illness. The chemical aids in preventing blood glide from the broken veins and redirecting it again to the coronary heart thru different veins. It alleviates signs and lets in the affected person to get better greater quickly.

Phlebotomy – Phlebotomy (medical removal of blood) may reduce the quantity of iron in the blood in persons with CVI and iron overload. It aids in the relief of CVI symptoms.

Endovenous ablation therapy – This is a minimally invasive treatment for varicose veins in the legs and thighs. A narrow tube called a catheter is introduced into a vein via a small hole in the skin during endovenous ablation. Heat energy relaxes the vein, causing it to collapse and shut.

Ambulatory phlebotomy – This is a process that involves withdrawing a tiny volume of blood from a vein, commonly a peripheral vein in the arm or hand, for diagnostic testing and assessment. Local anesthetic is used to cauterize and seal tiny varicose veins during this minimally invasive technique.

Surgery – Surgery is the last resort for treating the most severe case of chronic venous insufficiency. To solve the issue, the injured nerve must be separated during surgery. As a result, if the patient has high levels of chronic venous insufficiency, the doctor may propose surgery to prevent the illness from progressing.

Book an Appointment

    Elite Vein Services
    Monday8:30 — 18:00
    Tuesday8:30 — 18:00
    Wednesday8:30 — 18:00
    Thursday8:30 — 18:00
    Friday8:30 — 18:00
    Saturday9:00 — 13:00