Surgical and Non-invasive Vein Treatments for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Varicose veins expand whilst the bigger veins below them fail. As a consequence of the blood buildup, the smaller veins dilate and twist, giving them a rope-like look. Varicose veins can also form due to quite a few reasons, inclusive of weight adjustments, pregnancy, and the herbal growing older technique. While varicose veins seldom offer a life-threatening threat, the affliction they purpose and the social stigma they create may also encourage you to be trying to find remedy. If you are struggling pain, infection, or pores and skin irritation as a result of your varicose veins, your health practitioner might also suggest surgical treatment as a remedy alternative.

Spider veins, also known as varicose veins, are dilated blood vessels that become visible on the surface of the skin.   The objects might exhibit either a blue or red hue and often seem contorted and entangled.   Although varicose veins often appear in the legs, they may also occur in other parts of the body. These worrying and unattractive veins affect round 25 million people inside the United States.

The majority of humans with varicose veins do no longer have any extreme health troubles, apart from cosmetic difficulties such leg swelling, pain, and heaviness. Varicose veins can be effectively handled with compression hose remedy, vein excision, and minor vascular surgery. Sclerotherapy and endovenous ablation are two minimally invasive strategies which have recently obtained well known support as desired remedy procedures.


Non-invasive (non-surgical) treatments for varicose veins




Sclerotherapy is a common treatment for spider and varicose veins. This technique involves the injection of a saline or chemical solution into the affected veins, inducing them to become rigid and impeding the flow of blood.   The blood that would normally circulate through these veins and return to the heart now follows other routes.   Upon the cessation of the injection’s effects, the veins that accommodated it will dissipate.   The body autonomously removes the fibrous tissue formed during the healing process.

Laser treatment


Laser surgery is a potential treatment option for varicose veins.   Laser treatment has historically focused on treating spider veins on the face.   Nevertheless, contemporary laser technology has progressed to such an extent that varicose veins may now be effectively treated.   Varicose veins may be treated with several types of lasers.   A medical professional used a catheter to insert a slender fiber into a varicose vein.   The laser light released from the fiber will eradicate your diseased varicose vein.   The vein will be gradually absorbed by your body and then sealed.

Radiofrequency ablation


Ablation involves inserting a thin, malleable tube known as a catheter into a varicose vein.   The catheter tip transfers heat to the varicose vein walls, causing vein tissue to be destroyed.   When a vein is injured, it loses its ability to carry blood and is absorbed by the body.

Surgical Procedures

  • Vein stripping— During this surgery, any varicose veins that are connected to the leg’s main superficial vein will be tied off, and then the vein itself will be removed from the leg. The removal of veins from the leg will not have an effect on the blood circulation in the leg because deeper veins will be able to take care of the enhanced blood circulation caused by the removal of the superficial veins.
  • Small incision avulsion— Insertion of hooks is performed via small incisions, and the procedure may be done alone or in conjunction with vein stripping or laser/radiofrequency catheter treatment.

Symptoms of varicose or spider veins


  • Aching pain, especially after long periods of sitting or standing
  • A feeling of heaviness in the leg
  • Bleeding in the affected area
  • Burning, throbbing, or cramping in your lower legs
  • Itching
  • Skin ulcers
  • Swelling


Tests to identify Varicose Vein Problem


Abdominal Duplex Ultrasound

An abdominal duplex ultrasound is a hybrid procedure that combines a conventional ultrasound with a Doppler ultrasound in order to examine the blood arteries in your belly in search of blockages or aneurysms.


Fluoroscopy is a medical imaging technique that utilizes a continuous X-ray beam to provide dynamic, real-time images of the inside structures of the body.

Post varicose vein treatment

Varicose veins may be cured in under an hour with intervention. Patients with multiple varicose veins may require further surgery. This will need another operation in a month.

Before discharge, elastic wraps on the leg may minimize edema and improve recovery. Bruising and fluid leaking may occur, but they recover quickly. The average patient recovery time is one day.

Patients should take short daily walks but avoid hard exertion for the first week or two. Land and maritime transport and enjoyment may be limited at this time. Care teams will also teach patients how to avoid varicose veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins


Varicose veins cause soreness or cramping in the legs, which is common in those who have them. Legs may feel heavy or numb, or they may feel burning, throbbing, or tingling. Elevating the legs or wearing support hose, often known as compression stockings, may help relieve varicose vein discomfort.

Certain stages of a woman’s menstrual cycle or pregnancy might worsen her symptoms. Darkening of the skin around the ankles is common, although darkening alone, together with edema and ulceration, is less common. Thrombophlebitis develops when a blood clot forms in an irritated vein caused by varicose veins.

Various Treatment Options for Spider Veins and Varicose Veins


Compression stockings: Wearing support hosiery that fits properly is the safest solution when veins are painful or unpleasant. Their leg impact is slight pressure. This stops blood from accumulating in veins and reduces swelling in the legs. These stockings may be found at pharmacies and medical supply stores. There are also pantyhose, over-the-knee, and knee-high options.

Lifestyle changes: Varicose veins and spider veins may be effectively treated with proper skincare, weight loss, and regular exercise. You can also try:

  • Never standing or sitting without a break
  • Avoiding long-term high heels. Lower heels enhance venous flow and calf muscle tone
  • Optimally, elevate your legs above your heart level whether sitting, relaxing, or sleeping
  • Not crossing knees or ankles
  • Physical exercises that move your legs enhance muscular tone.

Sclerotherapy: This method eliminates ulcers and bleeding caused by varicose veins and reduces discomfort associated with them. It may also be used to enhance your appearance. Sclerotherapy involves injecting a highly concentrated saline solution or specially formulated detergent into a vein. The chemical causes swelling and damage to the vein, which eventually causes it to collapse and disappear within a few weeks. Larger veins could disappear after waiting 6 months.

Endovenous laser ablation: To do this, a small laser fiber is inserted into a vein. Your doctor will make a small incision in your vein and install a catheter there. The catheter’s tip is equipped with a heating tool that is used to gently warm the blood artery. Veins are ruptured by laser light pulses.

Endovenous ablation is a noninvasive, risk-free treatment option. Infection, blood vessel injury, vein irritation, and unusual thermal nerve damage are also risks, although ones that often heals rapidly. Sometimes blood clots form in veins and go to the lungs.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a method used to treat varicose veins.   RF energy is used to produce thermal energy.

A varicose vein, also known as an expanded vein.   The legs are the most frequent location of manifestation.   Varicose veins may occur when the valves in the veins are damaged.   Consequently, there is a hinderance in the circulation of blood.   Excessive accumulation of blood occurs in your veins over time.   Veins have the potential to protrude, contort, and enlarge under the surface of the skin.   Possible adverse effects include leg discomfort, cramping, and edema.  RFA entails the administration of thermal energy to a vein via a catheter, which is a slender and pliable tube.   This obstructs the circulation of blood inside the troublesome vein.

Surgery: Surgical treatment options for varicose veins include ligation and stripping. Vein ligation and stripping is a medical procedure that involves tying up veins with a knot and then removing them by small incisions in the skin. The duration of outpatient surgery typically ranges from two to three hours.   Full recovery requires a period of 1-2 weeks.

Lasers and intense pulsed light. Vasculight and PhotoDerm are two types of surface laser or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapies. These tools target abnormal veins with heat radiation, injuring or killing them. These therapies do not need needles or a sclerosing solution, which is a positive, but you may suffer some minor discomfort. Blister formation and discolouration or staining is two potential side effects.