What is venous leg ultrasound?

Ultrasound of foot veins, also known as Doppler venous ultrasound of legs, is a safe and painless radiological examination used to detect the interruptions of veins in the arms. This investigation is carried out to see blood clots in the veins of the arms, often known as Deep Vein Thrombosis. These clots can break down and enter the lungs, which can result in severe illness called pulmonary ending surgery.

Leg vein ultrasound Diagnose Poor Leg Circulation?

Pain and discomfort will always be our body’s way of signaling when something goes wrong. However, “let’s be honest” many of us ignore such signs and symptoms. Instead, we choose to “tough it out,” postpone treatment, or dismiss the discomfort as insurmountable and self-resolving. Consider vein disease; One in three people over the age of 45 has some form of it, resulting in tired and heavy legs due to poor leg circulation, muscle cramps, varicose veins, edema and other symptoms. According to the Society for Vascular Medicine, only 10% seek treatment. If this describes you, you may now need a diagnostic venous ultrasound.

Venous ultrasonography is a rapid, non-invasive, and non-surgical method for diagnosing leg and foot problems. Maybe it’s okay, as you insist. If you are in pain, tell your vascular specialist right away so they can get it fixed.

Why Varicose Vein Ultrasound Testing is Important

The presence of a high quality imaging section within the vein center is important as it allows us to fully analyze all underlying leg vein problems. Most people with varicose veins require ultrasonography scanning. This is because most varicose vein sufferers have deeper problems with the leg veins. Unattractive or unpleasant superficial varicose veins usually indicate a circulatory problem. Deep defective veins with malfunctioning valves are often present, leading to the development of irregular cutaneous veins. This vein valve malfunction is known as venous reflux disease.

Defective valves within the deep veins create an increase in pressure at the skin surface, resulting in the formation of obvious varicose veins over time. Ultrasound examinations of the leg veins provide important information about the underlying diseased veins, influencing treatment options and, as a result, the doctor’s recommendations for therapy.

What Signs of Vein Disease Should I Watch Out For?

If you’re unsure whether to schedule venous ultrasound, first check the signs and symptoms you’re experiencing. Vein disease appears in various ways, which does not necessarily cause discomfort and common people can dismiss it as a temporary problem that will be solved by them over time. Initially, this could be some unattractive spider veins and varicose veins that are only a cosmetic discomfort. However, varicose veins naturally turn and swell, causing extra pressure on your lower body’s veins. When this happens, discomfort can begin immediately.

The same is true for blood clots, which can grow silently in deep, large veins and block blood flow. If that clot ruptures, you could face a significant and potentially fatal medical emergency.

Here are a few signs to look out for:

Pain or Discomfort: Keep in mind that your pain may vary. Some people feel slight pain in the legs, more discomfort than pain. Others may always have legs that feel heavy or full. The second group may have burning sensations, palpitations, muscle cramps, itching in the legs, or inexplicable swelling that limits exercise.

Discoloration: Because there is swelling and inflammation, the skin around the affected area may appear thin and dry, eventually changing over to a bluish or brownish color as more blood continues to pool under the skin. Skin discoloration is a telltale sign that more skin changes will likely follow if the condition is left untreated.

Other Skin Changes: The skin may become cool, numb due to improved blood circulation. Breakdown of the skin and tissues can lead to infection and ulcers. Painful ulcers are stubborn and difficult to treat.

Warmth: Varicose veins may feel warm and tender to the touch as fluid continues to leak into the surrounding tissues. This may cause burning, throbbing and itching in the affected area.

Restless Legs: It is characterized by itching, prickling, pulling or crawling in the legs which becomes worse when lying down or sleeping. Restless legs syndrome affects 5-10% of U.S adults. According to studies, venous insufficiency affects 22% of RLS patients.

What Can I expect from a diagnostic leg vein ultrasound?

Diagnostic vein ultrasound is a non-invasive, painless medical diagnosis used to detect venous disease. This is usually one of the first tests done by our vascular doctors in EliteVs on our patients. Venous ultrasonography uses sound waves to provide an image of the communication system and an image of the veins under the skin. It’s particularly useful to detect blood clots in the legs.

Common symptoms of venous disease are:

  • Swelling, redness of the limb
  • a warm or feverish area over a vein
  • tenderness or pain in the limb
  • cramping in the legs or hips

Here’s how ultrasound of the legs works

A transducer and a small probe known as a gel are placed directly on the skin. This transducer, which looks like a microphone, is a hand-held tool that sends high-frequency sound waves in the body. When a sound wave hits an object it bounces back and resonates. It is possible to identify the distance, size, size and stability of the object by detecting these eternal waves. The probe captures these noises as they bounce back, and a computer generates an image in real time.

As a result, your vein specialist can review this information and determine your current circulatory health. Venous ultrasonography examines a variety of factors, including:

  • Reviewing vein beginnings and ends
  • Assessing all deep and superficial veins for narrowing of the vessels
  • Changes in tissue appearance and abnormal masses
  • Checking flow for reflux
  • Search for blood clots
  • Determine the cause of long-standing leg swelling


The best thing is that the patient can relax during his diagnostic venous ultrasonography. The transducer rarely causes pain unless it is placed over a weak spot. After the test, the gel is washed off, and the patient can continue normal activities. Standard diagnostic venous ultrasounds are safe for people.

Types of Vein Ultrasounds:

Regarding venous ultrasound, several different types exist. Now, let’s check out some of the most popular categories:

Traditional Ultrasound: Traditional venous ultrasound creates images by reflecting sound waves off blood vessels. However, it cannot display blood flow.

Venous Doppler Ultrasound: However, Doppler ultrasound can bounce sound waves off the circulating blood. Thus, Doppler ultrasonography shows blood flow and circulation problems. Specialists usually rule out DVT with venous Doppler. Regular, reliable venous Doppler blood clotting tests are also performed.

Venous Duplex Ultrasound: Duplex ultrasound combines classic venous ultrasound with doppler ultrasound. The end result is a multi-dimensional diagnostic method that can detect blood flow as well as take pictures of the surrounding tissues.

A few benefits include venous leg ultrasound

As indicated, venous ultrasounds are simple and useful for diagnosing vein problems. Early detection of dangerous diseases like deep vein thrombosis is important. Remember that blood clots can break loose and spread throughout your body, causing health problems.

Since venous leg ultrasounds are non-invasive, they are typically the diagnostic method chosen. Venograms are less common because they are more intrusive.


  • Painless
  • Does not use radiation
  • Detect various venous illnesses and disorders
  • No preparation time, downtime, or recovery period
  • Widely available, easy to use, and inexpensive testing
  • Takes 45-60 minutes to complete
  • Little to no special preparation is required
  • Covered by most medical insurance

Get Better Vein Health with Us

We are running a renowned vein clinic in Clifton, NJ. Our board certified Dr. Nirman Tulsyan will guide you step by step for complete vein issues. Book an appointment today or call us at +1-973-975-4447.


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